What is ALICE training for teachers and schools?

The program teaches school staff that they have choices, including fighting back as a last resort. That action can range from distracting the attacker, throwing books or something heavier, or group-tackling.

About a quarter of schools in the country — 3,700 — have had ALICE training, according to the organization.

The quick actions of teachers locking down the elementary school in Northern Calif., likely averted a massacre, says Phil Johnston, the assistant Tehama County Sheriff.

The shooter repeatedly tried to get through the kindergarten door, but couldn’t because staff had locked all the doors. Frustrated, he began firing at the windows and walls. Children were tucked under desks while teachers tried to keep them calm. One student was shot and is still in the hospital.